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What do Panamanians Eat Traditionally? | Typical Meals in Panama

Posted by | July 29th, 2014

Unfortunately Panama is not known internationally for it’s cuisine. That’s a shame because the food is actually very delicious and made with fresh local ingredients and flavors.

Fresh ingredients are a keystone of Panama's cuisine
Fresh ingredients are a keystone of Panama's cuisine

It’s hard to pinpoint exactly what Panamanian cuisine is because like the Panamanian people, it is very diverse. Panamanians are a healthy mix of latinos, afro-antilleans, asians and indigenous. Of course, each ethnic group brings its own blend of spices, recipes, ingredients and cooking methods.

Along the Caribbean and Pacific coasts, the diet consists of mainly coconut, seafood, root vegetables, and tropical fruits. The Caribbean coast has mainly indigenous and afro-antillean communities. This lends to more traditional methods of cooking, such as over fire and with all natural ingredients. The afro-antillean influence has also brought in more spicy food in some areas.

Seafood at the fish market in Panama City
Photos and more about the fish market in Panama City...

The interior communities of Panamá are majority latino communities based in agriculture, so they enjoy mainly root vegetables, starchy fruits, livestock (cows and pigs), chicken, beans and rice. The style of cooking can also be rustic over an open fire, though typically they use propane gas-powered stoves. They tend to use more sauces and condiments as well.

Don’t be surprised to find very little green food in their diet. Maybe you will find some cilantro and that’s about it! They eat a lot of starches and have a tendency to prefer fried foods over boiled. They also don’t typically eat fresh fruit except for in a smoothie. It’s not exactly the “healthiest” cuisine (what really is ‘healthy’, anyway?), but please don’t let that stop you from enjoying it during your Spanish immersion program.

Here I’ll share with you the most traditional dishes for breakfast, snacks, lunch/dinner and drinks. If you are coming to study Spanish with us and stay with a host family, be prepared to be WELL fed!

BREAKFAST

Hojaldras (o-hal-dras)
(fried simple dough, not sweet)

Panamanian hojaldras
Photos and hojaldra recipe here...

Tortillas de maíz con queso fresco (tor-tee-yahs deh my-eez kohn kay-so fres-co)
(corn tortilla with bland locally-made white cheese on top)

Baked and fried Panamanian corn tortillas with fresh cheese
Photo source here...

Bollos (boh-yos)
(corn dough, traditionally rolled in a banana leaf, and boiled)

Photo by Rossy Earle and bollo's recipe at eat. live. travel. write.
Photo by Rossy Earle and bollo's recipe at eat. live. travel. write.

Patacones (pat-ah-cone-es)
(fried green plantain discs)

Patacones
Photos of patacones and recipes here...

Carne o salchicha guisada (car-neh oh sal-chie-chah gih-sah-dah)
(beef strips or hotdog in a tomato sauce served with any of the above)

Salchichas guisadas
Recipe and photos for stewed sausages and hojaldra for breakfast

SNACKS & APPETIZERS

Platanitos (plah-tah-nee-toes)
(thin slices of fried plantain)

Platanitos

Yuca Frita(yew-ka
(fried yucca)

Fried Yucca
Photos and recipe for fried yucca here...

Orejitas (or-eh-heat-as)
(“little ears”, sweet buttery dough-light cookie)

Orejitas
Photos and recipes for orejitas here...

Carimañola (ka-ri-mañola)
(fried meat pie of mashed yucca with meat and/or cheese inside)

A large roundhouse at Isla Verde has everything you need and plenty of space too!
Photos and carimañola recipe here...

Duro (doo-row)
(Panamanian version of a popsicle, basically fruit juice poured into a small plastic bag or cup and frozen)

Duro de Fresa
Photos of strawberry deserts from Boquete...

Raspado or Raspao (ras-pahd-o or ras-pow)
(snow cone with delicious local fruit flavors and sweetened condensed milk)

Raspao Rojo
Photo of Raspao from here...

Tamale de maíz (ta-mall-eh deh my-eez)
(corn dough sometimes with beef or chicken, and vegetables wrapped inside of a banana leaf and steamed)

Panamanian Tamales
Photos and recipe for Panamanian Tamales here...

Ceviche de corvina (se-veech-eh)
(sea bass ceviche, made with garlic, lime, onion and cilantro)

Ceviche de pescado
Photos and recipe for sea bass ceviche here...

LUNCH/DINNER

Sancocho (sahn-coach-o)
(chicken soup with ñame, yucca and cilantro)

Panamanian Sancocho
More about sancocho and photos here...

Arroz con pollo, arroz con guandú (ah-ros kohn po-yo / guan-doo)
(often served at celebrations or holidays; rice with chicken, rice with guandu bean)

Arroz con pollo
Photos and recipe of arroz con pollo here...

Plato típico: arroz blanco, lentejas / frijoles, plátano en tentación, ensalada de papas, pollo asado o guisado / pescado frito / bistec picado / chuleta en salsa de piña
(Typical plate: white rice, lentils / red beans, fried yellow plantain, potato salad, roasted chicken or in sauce / fried whole fish / chopped beefsteak / porkchop in pineapple sauce)

Plate of typical Panamanian food
Photo of plate of typical Panamanian food taken from here...

DRINKS

Café (or chocolate on the Caribbean coast) (caf-eh)
(coffee or hot chocolate, with breakfast always!)

Some of the best coffee in the world is grown in Boquete, Panama
Some of the best coffee in the world is grown in Boquete, Panama

Chicha de arroz, maíz (chicheme), maracuya, tamarindo, arroz con piña, limonada, naranja, etc. hecho con raspadura. (chie-chah)
(natural fruit juice of many varieties… rice, corn, passionfruit, tamarind, rice with pineapple, lemonade, orange, etc. made with natural cane sugar)

Chicha de Tamarindo
Photo and more about Chicha de Tamarindo here...

Batidos (de fresa, papaya, banano, etc. hecho con leche condensada) (bah-tee-doe)
(different variety of smoothies - strawberry, papaya, banana, etc. made with sweetened condensed milk)

Agua de pipa (ah-guah deh pee-pah)
(coconut water)

Agua de pipa
Photo of agua de pipa and more about Panamanian food here...

Seco (se-ko)
(local gin)

Seco Herrerano
Photo of Seco Herrerano and other local drinks from around the world...

Ron Abuelo (run ah-bueh-low)
(local rum)

Ron Abuelo
Photo and more about Ron Abuelo here...

Cerveza nacional - Panama, Atlas, Balboa (sehr-ve-sa)
(National beers - Panama, Atlas, Balboa)

Panamanian beer: Panamá, Atlas and Balboa
Panamanian beer: Panamá, Atlas and Balboa

MORE ABOUT EXPERIENCING PANAMA'S CULTURE THROUGH OUR SPANISH IMMERSION PROGRAM... »

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